While most people think women as the sole victim of trafficking but it happens in the case of men too. A great deal of gender-based discrimination still targets women and this is something many individuals, organizations, and countries need to understand that this is not the scenario but there is more to it.
There is no such landmark case that gives you a better understanding of it as the reason is first an FIR needs to be filed before filing a case in the court, while if FIR is not filed in most of the cases how can this matter go to court?
For years India has remained the “top destination” for human trafficking in South Asia, according to the United Nations Office on Organized Crime (UNODC). According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) figures, the state of Bihar ranked third just behind Rajasthan and West Bengal in 2017, when 362 boys and 33 girls below 18 years of age were rescued from the clutches of traffickers.
WHO ARE TARGETED?
The Indian government identified 8,651 boys, 7,238 women, 5,532 girls, and 1,696 men as trafficking victims. The great majority were Indian – 22,932 victims, while the other people affected were Sri Lankans (38), Nepalis (38), Bangladeshis (36), and 73 from a range of other countries, such as Thailand and Uzbekistan.
Boys from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh were made to do forced labor in embroidery factories in Nepal, while Burmese Rohingya, Sri Lankan Tamil, and other refugee populations were subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor in India, according to US State Department estimates. People from the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh are mostly targeted. Mostly refugees and Victims of natural disasters are targeted by local people. Displaced Rohingya were subjected to human trafficking from the border of Myanmar and Bangladesh, experts said.
The demand for young men for trafficking has been increasing with each passing day as the sex and porn industry continue to expand. In 2008, a study was conducted by the John Jay College of Criminal Justice which revealed that 50 percent of sexually exploited children in the state of New York were boys. The background of the boys was most commonly of broken families, neglect, abuse, and more than 70 percent have experienced sexual abuse as children.
TRADITION AND CUSTOM ENCOURAGING THIS ISSUE
Some traditions and customs encourage this kind of toxic activity and create a toxic environment for young men. Traditions such as the “Launda Naach,” which is often seen in states like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh target boys within the age group of 15 to 25 to dance. The purpose of these dancers is to entertain the audience during the time of marriage. In this tradition they make young men dress up in women’s attire and entertain the poor families who have hired them (those who cannot afford female dancers).
What these traditions fail to capture is that after the celebrations are over, these dancers face physical and sexual assault by the men watching these boys dance. The report states that “a group of 10 to 15 men could physically carry a dancer to a field and gang-rape him. And, this is a very common trend. Resistance only leads to greater torture and sometimes even death.”
LEGALITY OF TRAFFICKING
You can be penalized for trafficking if there's commercial sexual exploitation through the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act (ITPA), with a prescribed penalty of seven years to life imprisonment. You can also be punished for trafficking under the Bonded Labour Abolition Act, the Child Labour Act, and the Juvenile Justice Act.
You can also use Sections 366(A), 370, 370(A), and 372 of the Indian Penal Code as your defense, which prohibits kidnapping and selling minors into prostitution respectively, to arrest traffickers. Penalties under these provisions cover a tenure of a maximum of ten years of imprisonment and also fine in some cases.
In February 2018, the Indian Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Protection, and Rehabilitation) Bill for introduction within the parliament. The bill, if passed, will cause the creation of a national anti-trafficking bureau, to suits a December 2015 Supreme court order that an investigative agency be established to counter human trafficking. It will criminalize aggravated sorts of trafficking with the intent of preventing this crime, and rescuing and rehabilitating victims.
Men or boys are usually overlooked on the matters of human trafficking. They are mostly seen as attackers than the retaliator. Lack of support and trust from family members aggravates the situation. Speedy trails should be implemented and the stories of the male victims should be heard properly to make any kind of advancement in this scenario. Proper care which would mostly focus on psychological counseling should be provided to the victims.
Even today, many people are confused with male prostitution as an aspect of homosexuality, though a majority of youths who suffer from this are not even homosexual. Therefore, these people still believe that the boys are still in control of their circumstances, and do not see these young boys and men as victims. Sexual trafficking should not be confused about sexual orientation because the victims are being sexually exploited.