TERROR ATTACKS THAT SHOOK INDIA

Updated: Aug 26



1993 BOMBAY BLASTS



On 12th March around 1:30p, Mumbai experienced one of deadliest terror attacks on Indian soil resulting in 257 casualties and 1400+ injured. The first car bomb went off in the basement of the Bombay Stock Exchange building killing around 50 people. The 28-story building was completely damaged in a span of a few minutes.

Over the next 2hr 10 mins, until 3:40 car bombs and scooter bombs took off at regular intervals at 13 different parts of the city. Some of the places were Fishermen’s Colony, Katha Bazaar, Plasma Cinema, Zaveri Bazaar, Century market, Hotel Sea Rock, Hotel Juhu Centaur, Air India building, and Worli Passport Office. This was the first terror attack were RDX was used as an explosive substance.


Dawood Ibrahim planned the attack and Tiger Menon assisted him. Ibrahim was a Pakistani based underworld boss and India’s most wanted fugitive. Menon is believed to be hiding in Pakistan. Indian authorities have pointed out continuous involvement of Pakistan Intelligence Agency in the blast.


2001 PARLIAMENT ATTACK


On 13 December 2001 at 11:40 am five terrorists set foot in Parliament House Complex in a white ambassador forged with Home Ministry sticker on the car’s windshield along with a red light fitted on top. As the car moved towards Gate no. 12 of the complex, security guards and staff members grew suspicious. Being in a panic situation the car hit the then Vice President Krishan Kant’s vehicle drawing more attention to themselves. After which they got down from the car and opened fire at the security personnel and gardener. The gunbattle continued for around 45 minutes taking away life of 12 police officers and gardener and causing injury to 22 men.

The five terrorists belong to Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) and latter investigations revealed involvement of Afzal Guru, Shaukat Hussain, SAR Geelani and Navjot Sandhu.

Then Home Minister L.K. Advani made a statement at Lok Sabha “It is now evident that the terrorist assault on the Parliament House was executed jointly by Pakistan-based and supported terrorist outfits, namely, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad. These two organizations are known to derive their support and patronage from Pak ISI. The investigation so far carried out by the police shows that all the five terrorists who formed the suicide squad were Pakistani nationals. All of them were killed on the spot and their Indian associates have since been nabbed and arrested.”


2006 MUMBAI TRAIN BOMBINGS



On 11 July around 6:23 pm, the first two blasts took off at the compartment of a suburban local train near Mahim and Bandra stations. Within the next 7-8mins, five additional explosive bombs took off at the various suburban trains of Mumbai i.e. Matunga station, Jageshwar station, Mira road station, Borivali station. The blast claimed the lives of 190 individuals and harmed 1000 or considerably more creating havoc all around the city. The bombs were packed into pressure cookers and were wrapped in bags. A high alert was declared all over the city and some of the major parts of India. The suburban local train was shut down for days due to the grave impact it left on the minds of the passengers. Mumbai local train is one the most busiest in the world, carrying more the 7.5 million passengers a day.

The attacks were blamed on the Islamic militants who were supported by Pakistan. However, Pakistan denied every allegation hurled upon them. The attack was planned by the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) militant group and by Pakistan ISI agency with the help of students of the Islamic Movement of India. Twelve men were arrested out of which five were sentenced to death, Faisal Sheikh, Asif Khan, Kamal Ansari, Ehtesham Sidduqui and Naveed Khan and other seven convicts Mohammed Sajid Ansari, Majid Shafi, Muzzammil Shaikh, Sohail Shaikh Mohammed Ali, Dr Tanveer Ansari, and Zamir Shaikh were sentenced to life imprisonment in 2015 for providing materials.


26/11 MUMBAI ATTACK - 2008

It was one of the deadliest attacks of terrorism to have ever happened in India. The multiple attacks started on the night of 26th November which lasted till 29th November. The attack killed at least 200 civilians including 27 foreign nationals and 20 security personnel and around 307 were injured. Mumbai which is on the busiest city in the world standstill as the attack went on for 60 hours.


The six locations were the attack took place


· Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus

Two men carrying AK-47 rifles attacked the CSMT. At 9:30 pm, the two gunmen opened fire killing 58 people and injured around 100 civilians. The attack lasts for 90 minutes after which the two gunmen left the station and started firing at a crowded place claiming lives of 10 police officers. The two were recognized as Ismail Khan and Ajmal Qasab.


· Cafe Leopold

Around 9:30 pm, two gunmen entered the café and opened fire. The attack lasted for 20 minutes killing 10 people and some foreign nationals.


· Nariman House

Two men attacked a Jewish community centre and several hostages were held captive for three days. On the first day, nine civilians were rescued and NSG commandos were positioned in nearby buildings. The battle lasted for hours claiming lives of seven civilians and one NSG commando.


· Oberoi Trident Hotel

At 10:10 pm on 26th November, gunfire started at Oberoi Trident killing the gatekeeper and hotel staff. 200 people were held captive by the terrorists for three days. Their prime target were foreign nationals. On 27th 143 hostages were rescued and 24 dead bodies were recovered. The battle lasted till 28th and 32 civilians including foreign nationals were killed.

· Taj Mahal Palace and Tower Hotel


Four terrorists entered Taj with AK-47s and grenades. As soon as they entered, all of them started firing whoever came in front of them. The terrorist bombed the dome of the hotel and a massive fire broke out. On 28th ten grenade explosion went off inside the building. The hotel was at a 4-day siege and evacuations of civilians and foreigners were going on along with the gun battle. On 29th the commandos informed that the palace was cleared of all the terrorists. 31 dead bodies were recovered after the attack.

Nine terrorists were killed and one who survived, Ajmal Qasab was executed in 21st November 2012.

The ten terrorists were associated with Lashkar-e-Taiba group funded by Pakistan ISI agency.


2016 URI ATTACK


One of the most violent attacks on Jammu Kashmir over a span of two decades. On 18 September around 5:30 am four heavily armed terrorist crossed Line of Control (LoC) hiked 5 km and reached military camp in Uri. The terrorist launched grenade attacks at 12 Brigade headquarters. Terrorists targeted the fuel depots containing hundreds of liters of diesel, petrol and kerosene to cause a massive explosion as it has inflammatory properties. After massive explosion, 14 soldiers engulfed in flames of fire and four were killed while trying to escape. The soldiers successfully killed those four terrorists. Thirty soldiers were injured.

The four terrorists were armed with AK-47 rifles with grenade launchers attached under the barrels.

Aftermath

The government gave the army a free hand to carry out surgical strikes. After 10 days of the attack, the Indian Army carried out surgical strikes along the LoC against the terror launch pads of Pakistan.


2019 PULWAMA ATTACK


On 14 February around 3:00 pm a convoy of vehicles was carrying CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) jawans on the Jammu Srinagar NH 44 was hit by an explosive-laden SUV at Lethpora in Pulwama district. The SUV was carrying 300 kilograms of explosives including 80 kgs of RDX and ammonium nitrate. The attack claimed lives of 40 CRPF personnel and injured many others who were admitted to a hospital in Srinagar.

Pakistan militant group Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed the attack. A video was released of Adil Ahmar Dar, resident of Pulwama district who joined the JeM group before the attack. He was the same person who was carrying the SUV laden explosives.

India blamed Pakistan for the attack but Pakistan denied that the country has no connection with the JeM militant group.

Following the Pulwama terror attack, the Indian government raised the customs duty on every single Pakistani goods imported to India; to 200 percent. The administration likewise asked the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) to boycott Pakistan.

The All Indian Cine Workers Association declared a restriction on Pakistani actors and artists in the Indian film industry and expressed that solid action would be taken on any association violating it. The Indian Film and Television Directors' Association additionally declared a restriction on Pakistani artists in movies and music created in India; the president of the association took steps to "vandalize" the arrangements of any Indian movie creation with Pakistani artisans.

Indian citizens to show support towards to Jawans martyred in Pulwama terror attack executed candlelight marches and protests.

On 26 February 2019 around 4:00 am in the morning, the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control and bombed at Balakot, Pakistan. India declared that it attacked JeM training camps and killed around 300-350 terrorists.

After this Pakistan Air Force announced an air strike on the morning of 26 February and stated that IAF dropped bombs at the barren hilltop area in Balakot. On 27 February, Pakistan shot down a warplane and held Commander Abhinandan Varthaman captive for 60 hrs.

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