Updated: Jun 29
Law is viewed as a discipline in which either you are an expert because you went to law school or totally uninformed because you didn’t. Of course, kids and young adults realize what rules they need to comply with and what laws to dissent. Yet this is not the kind of legal education that the citizens require. Students should be aware of the legal procedure and the skills of legal reasoning just as they know about comprehension and critical reasoning skills.
Students develop analytical and quantitative skills by learning maths, science and literature. They develop leadership, teamwork, time management skills through sports. However, in today’s day and age, a student should be aware of his social responsibilities and civic awareness should be a part of learning. Implementing legal education in schools will provide students with critical reasoning and legal thinking which will change the way people approach difficult situations because it helps them to understand facts and values before coming to a conclusion. Law is just not a book of restrictions and regulations. Knowledge of law provides legal awareness among people so that they can avoid pitfalls and gain benefits. Knowledge of law is not specified for lawyers, every individual should know basic provisions of law as well as their duties towards the nation.
The idea of law was proposed for making a steady and more secure society. From writers to legislators to freedom fighters, lawyers have donned numerous hats. Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Franz Kafka and Abraham Lincoln – all came from a legal background.
The Latin maxim ignorantia juris neminem excusat, means ignorance of law is not an excuse. Awareness of legal is a general requirement and who is unaware of law cannot escape liability merely because of its unawareness. So basically the common law itself says every individual should have knowledge about the law. If every person of the society knows, what law is then the effort of teaching law outside the Law School will be a lot more convenient.
The curriculum should include evolution of Indian legal system, development of common law in India, which deals with justice, equity, and good conscience, essential features of Indian constitution, Fundamental rights, DPSP, role of Judiciary, process of legislation, civil and criminal cases, the concept of crime and theories of punishment, human rights and basics of Hindu law, Islamic law, etc.
REDUCTION IN CRIME RATE
The reason why people commit crime is due to the lack of legal knowledge and moral education and in both cases, education plays an important role.
Law is a guiding principle that helps to run the society in an effective manner. Law should be included in the curriculum as a compulsory subject for classes 7-12. This will give the students exposure to society and deal with real-life problems. This will not only create awareness among students but will also prevent or reduce crimes, as they will learn about law in the early stages of life.
We have the world’s largest constitution still most of the people are not aware of their own rights and duties. Despite having such clear laws citizens keep on violating them. The news is filled with cases related to kidnapping, human trafficking, extortion, rapes etc.
Crimes by juveniles have increased in a few decades and imparting legal education could help the juveniles and minors to understand the consequences of breaking the law. Crimes, which are prevailing in our society will be eliminated or at least lessen if legal education is made compulsory.
Legal education will not only be an instrument of social order but also act as an instrument of social change.
LACK OF LEGAL EDUCATION LEADS TO EXPLOITATION
It is necessary to make children aware of their rights and duties as well as the remedies that are available for the people when they are exploited. Individuals are often exploited by shrewd and cruel people because of their absence of information about legal aspects. It will help people become an ideal and responsible citizen.
An individual needs to know some of the aspects of law to carry out his duties effectively. The introduction of legal education will educate students on how the judiciary system works and will create public awareness. Legal education will nurture young minds and will make them a responsible citizen.