CYBER LAW: A DETAILED ANALYSIS
Internet is the biggest revolution in the past century and has changed the world with its craze, as said internet has made the world a big village, people are connected and also known to information which they need in their day to day life, but as the other part of the coin internet has a dark side too since people do a maximum number of their jobs online like shopping, paying bills, e-banking, etc. internet has nowadays become a very fond place for cybercriminals, now these cybercriminals use computers and phones as their tools to sneak into your sensitive and confidential information, and this is not it these criminals fraud banks and other companies to cause huge loss to the owners, pornography and cyberstalking are all examples of cybercrimes. Cyber law is nothing but a part of the collective legal framework that deals with the internet, cyberspace, and similar legal issues. Cyber law is a very broad topic that covers a vast number of issues, be it freedom of speech, usage of the internet, and also online privacy.
SPOOFING AND ITS KINDS:
Spoofing refers to faking some provider's communication to be an original one from a trusted source; by doing this, the person can easily lead a person to some malicious site or trap site made to steal data or also to spread malware. There are in total seven kinds of spoofing, they are:
l Cyberstalking: It is referred to as the act of repeated use of electronic communication to harass or frighten someone. Nowadays this had become a huge problem as when the internet was introduced firstly it was made for people to share things on mail which was private but nowadays it's not and hence it has led to misuse of data mainly on social media platforms.
l Cyber pornography: this term simply means any act done to distribute, send or publish any pornographic content by using cyberspace. Under section 67 of the IT act 2000, makes the above stated act punishable with imprisonment up to 3 years and a fine of up to 10 lakh rupees. Section 67A of the IT act 2000 makes publications, transmission and causing to be transmitted and published in electronic form any material containing sexually explicit act or conduct punishable imprisonment with 5years and fine up to 10 lakhs.
l Forgery and Fraud: Counterfeit currency, postage stamps and revenue stamps etc. using sophisticated computers and printers and scanners, every bank fraud is a part of it. Outside many colleges across India, it is very common to find false certificate or even mark sheets, these are made by using high quality computers, scanners and printers.
l Intellectual property rights and cybercrime: proper intellectual rights are basically for the protection of the creation, which has both values that are moral and commercial. Some types of intellectual property rights include patents, copyrights, trademarks, GI. No unauthorized use of any patent object or let's say, going out of the terms and conditions of the copyright and using or selling them online can be treated as cybercrime on intellectual property rights.
In simple words, the term cyber vandalism means any act by which a person causes damage to the data on someone's computer, which leads to losses for that person in business, or even de -messages by editing into something embarrassing or something absurd. These cybercriminals can also make false and malice apps and programs that provide a serious threat to the hard drive of whosoever uses it, being one of the common and most viewed sites Wikipedia has also been a serious threat for this kind of cybercrime, but now has improved its security parameters. A person who damages or even completely destroys the property and materials of someone is termed a cyber-vandal. Below mentioned are some threats which these cyber vandals bring a person’s life:
l This can seriously affect the victim's profile and image
l Cyber vandalism can damage the reputation of the victim's business firm or company.
IT ACT 2000 AND KEY POINTS:
IT was passed to give lawful acknowledgment to exchanges completed by methods for electronic correspondence. The demonstration manages Digital agreements, advanced property, computerized rights. Any infringement of these laws comprises wrongdoing.
l Email is recognised as a lawful and valid mode of communication.
l Digital signatures are recognised and given validity through this act.
l This act empowered companies to give e certificates and become a certificating authority.
l The act also empowers the government to release notices on the internet via e-governance.
l Security of the nation is a top priority when this act was done and hence it gave validation to digital signatures.
l In case of any fraud or financial loss to the company by cybercriminals, this act provides for a remedy in the form of monetary compensation.
Thus India requires a strict and paramount cyber law for the protection of data as well as for the protection and with respect to the security concerns of the nation, as India still has a budding economy and hence it needs foreign investors to invest in India, especially the IT sector and hence rules related to internet usage and online data has to be properly maintained and more importantly updated as the situation demands.