Union Cabinet on 29 July unveiled the national education policy after 34 years. The national education policy was brought in 1886 under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi and was modified in 1992 under Prime Minister P V Narasimha Rao. HRD Minister has been renamed to Education Minister. Implementation of this proposal depends upon the Centre as well as the State as it is a concurrent list.
KEY FEATURES OF THE LIST
The current 10+2 (1-10 general education and 2 years of higher secondary schooling with specialized subjects) schooling system has been changed to 5+3+3+2, which has brought children from 3-5 ages to formal education system for the 1st time.
Co-curricular activities and vocational subjects will be treated at the same level. Students will be taught analytical skills, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity. Coding will be added from class 6 onwards.
As children learn quickly between 2-8 years, the three-language formula has been proposed for the cognitive development of students. The policy states, the medium of instruction at least class 5 should be “home language or mother tongue or local/regional language”. Sanskrit has been added as the main language for all levels of school and higher education.
Artificial Intelligence-based software shall be used for students to track their growth over the years based on the data and interactive questionnaire for students, teachers, and parents. School exams will be held for classes 3, 5, and 8 to test overall progress, which will be conducted by the appropriate authority.
Students will have 10 bagless days in a year to promote vocational skills in the form of arts, quizzes, and internships. There will be a dedicated unit for digital and online education for students.
Every child must learn one vocation and should be exposed to much more. Students between grades 6-8 should learn vocational crafts like carpentry, pottery making, gardening, etc. as assigned by the State and local authorities.
Board exams will continue for classes 10 and 12 but with a holistic approach and students will be given a second chance to improve their scores. Students can take up any course irrespective of what stream of division they are of. “Student choice and best-of-two-attempts, assessments that primarily test core capacities must be the immediate key reforms to all board exams,” the NEP stated.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct a common entrance examination for admissions to universities across the country. A common aptitude entrance test for all division of streams will be held twice a year. It is not mandatory for colleges and universities to use NTA for admissions.
The undergraduate degree of 3/4 years will have multiple exit options for students. If a student leaves the course after completing one year, will be given a certificate of discipline. Those who drop out after two years will be given a diploma certificate and after three years will get a Bachelor’s degree. The 4-year undergraduate program will have a degree “with research” if a student completes a research project in its area of study. The policy has discontinued the M. Phil program.
By 2040 all higher education institutes we become multi-disciplinary which will include humanities subjects for science students and vice-versa.
The 100 top-ranked universities will be allowed to set campuses in India. The policy reads, “Such (foreign) universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutions of India.”
A National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE 2021) will be formulated by NCERT according to which minimum qualification for teachers will be 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree by 2030.
Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single body for the entire higher education, except for medical and legal education.
An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be formed to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, planning, administration, assessment.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi says National Education Policy will lay the foundation stone for the 21st century and aims to keep Indian talent in India and will work for the development of youth. "This is a change which the entire country has been waiting for years," said PM Modi at an education conclave by UGC.