Updated: Jun 30, 2020
Teenage is the most crucial period yet a beautiful phase of one’s life. At this juncture of life, teenagers should be aware of the laws and also their rights and duties towards the nation. Teenagers are the most important and powerful asset to the development of the country. Sometimes due to lack of proper knowledge of law, they end up committing offences or are denied of their rights.
Therefore, it is very important for teenagers to have proper knowledge of the law and their rights and duties.
1.Right to Information (Article 19 (1a))
Right to Information is a privilege for the citizens of India by the Indian Parliament. This Right to Information was passed by Parliament on June 15, 2005, and came completely into power on October 12, 2005.
Right to Information mandates public authority timely response to every citizen of India to provide information within thirty days.
If the matter involving a petitioner's life and liberty, the information has to be provided within 48 hours.
2.Right to Equality (Article 14)
Right to Equality (Article 14) of the Indian constitution provides equality before the law within the territory of India. This law is appropriate to anyone and each and every individual who is inside the domain of India including an Indian resident, organizations, and foreigners.
There shall be no discrimination based on religion, race, caste, sex, and place of birth.
3.Right to Education (Article 21A)
Right to Education Act was passed on 4th August 2009 by the Indian Parliament. RTE is a fundamental right that provides compulsory education to children in the age group of 6-14 years.
According to this law, all private schools should reserve 25% of seats for children.
4.Right to Life (Article 21)
Article 2 of the Human Rights Act protects your right to life.
This implies that no one, including the Government, can try to end your life. It also implies the Government should take appropriate measures to safeguard life by making laws to protect you and, in some circumstances, by taking steps to protect you if your life is at risk.
5.Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (Section 185)
Section 185 of the Motor Vehicle Act states that whoever is driving or about to drive contains 30mg of alcohol in 100ml of blood then the police officer can arrest you with or without a warrant. For the first offence you’ll be fined for 10000 and/or imprisoned for 6 months and for the second offence you’ll be fined for 15000 and/or imprisoned for 2 years.
6.Section 509 of Indian Penal Code
Section 509: Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman – Whoever is intending to harm the modesty of any women by uttering a word, by a gesture or exhibits any object intending that such word or gesture or object might be seen by such woman or intrudes the privacy of such woman, shall be imprisoned for one year or more or with fine or with both.
7.The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986
The Act restricts any individual or association to publish or help post, distribute, display or promote or circulate any post, pamphlet, drawing, etc. on online or offline any sort of portrayal of women that can be considered indecent. Any person who contravenes such provisions shall be punishable for either a term of 2 years or more and fined with two thousand or more.
8.Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (Section 128 & 129)
Section 128 limits the maximum number of riders on a bike to two and section 129 states that helmet is mandatory for two-wheeler riders. This law also states that traffic police officer cannot snatch away the keys from car or bikes and if he/she does so you have full right to start legal proceeding after him/her.
The fine for not wearing a helmet is between 500-1500.
9.Possession of Pornographic Material
Consumption of pornography is legal but its publication and transmission are illegal. Section 67 of the IT Act imposes a penalty of imprisonment for up to 3 years for transmitting or publishing any obscene material via electronic media.
Section 66E of IT Act states that whoever intentionally captures, publishes, or transmits the image/video of a private area of that person without his/her consent violates privacy of that person for which he/she can be imprisoned for 3-5 years.
10.Criminal Procedure Code (Section 46 & 51)
Section 46 – No women are to be arrested before 6 A.M. and after 6 P.M.
Any woman can deny going to the police station within this time period.
Section 51 – Only women police constable can arrest women. Male police constables do not have the right to arrest women.
11.Domestic Violence Act, 2005
Live-in relations are not illegal and if a child is born, from this relation then he/she is the legal son or daughter and the new-born has full rights over the assets of his/her father.
12.Indian Penal Code (Section 166 A)
A police officer cannot refuse to lodge an FIR and if does so then he/she will end up in jail for 6 months to a year.
Hope this information is useful for you :)